The previous though unofficial flag of Orkney was that created in the mid-1990s and attributed to St Magnus, a yellow field with a red Nordic cross. St Magnus (Magnus Erlendsson) was Earl of Orkney from 1108 to 1117. However, there is nothing to connect him to the red cross on yellow, this being an attribution of our day. This flag has no official status, having been declined recognition by the Lord Lyon, the heraldic authority of Scotland, due to similarity with the Arms of Ulster (themselves adopted from the Arms of John de Courcy). Historically, the red cross on yellow is associated with the flag of the Kalmar Union, a medieval Scandinavian state of which Orkney was a part.