About the flag of Italy

The flag of Italy is a tricolor featuring three equally sized vertical pales of green, white and red, with the green at the hoist side. In its current form, it has been in use since 19 June 1946 and was formally adopted on 1 January 1948.

The first entity to use the Italian tricolor was the Repubblica Cispadana (Cispadane Republic) in 1797 after Napoleon's victorious army crossed Italy. During this time many small republics of Jacobin inspiration supplanted the ancient absolute states and almost all, with variants of color, used flags characterized by three bands of equal size, clearly inspired by the French model of 1790. The colors chosen by the Republic were red and white, the colors of the flag of Milan and green, which was the color of the uniform of the Milanese civic guard.

Some have attributed particular values to the colors, and a common interpretation is that the green represents the country's plains and the hills, white, the snow-capped Alps and red, blood spilled in the Wars of Italian Independence. A more religious interpretation is that the green represents hope, the white represents faith, and the red represents charity; this references the three theological virtues.