The flag of Kuwait was adopted on September 7, 1961 and officially hoisted November 24, 1961.
Before 1961, the flag of Kuwait, like those of other Gulf states, was red and white. The present flag is in the Pan-Arab colours, but each colour is also significant in its own right. Black represents the defeat of the enemy, while red is the colour of blood on the Kuwaiti swords. White symbolizes purity, and green is for the fertile land. The idea for the flag's distinctive design (a horizontal tricolour with a black trapezium in the hoist) may have come from the flag used by Iraq until the late 1959.
The colours' meaning came from a poem by Safie Al-Deen Al-Hali:
* White are our deeds
* Black are our battles
* Green are our lands
* Red are our swords
Rules of hanging and flying the flag:
* Horizontally: The green stripe should be on top.
* Vertically: The green stripe should be on the right side of the flag.
In 2005, it became the design of the world's largest kite at a size of 1019 square metres. It was made in New Zealand by Peter Lynn, launched to the public for the first time in 2004 in the United Kingdom, officially launched in Kuwait in 2005, and has not been surpassed since.