The flag of Burkina Faso is formed by two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and green, with a yellow five-pointed star resting in the center. The flag was adopted on August 4, 1984 following the coup of 1983 which brought Thomas Sankara to power. The colours are the popular Pan-African colours of Ethiopia. The red represents the country's revolutionary struggle and the green stripe represents hope and abundance. The yellow star symbolises Burkina Faso's mineral wealth.
The original flag of Upper Volta, adopted at independence, contained 3 horizontal stripes of black, white, and red. These colours represented the three major tributaries of the Volta River, which flows south through the country: the Black Volta, the White Volta and the Red Volta.